Role of nature and nurture in language development essay

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Role of nature and nurture in language development essay

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Role of Nature and Nurture in Language Development Essay Sample How do both nature and nurture interact in the promotion of language development in young children?

Access denied | metin2sell.com used Cloudflare to restrict access The relative significance of nature and nurture on the development of human language has been a historical debate spanning decades of cognitive and developmental psychology.
{dialog-heading} The relative significance of nature and nurture on the development of human language has been a historical debate spanning decades of cognitive and developmental psychology.
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The debate between many researchers is the argument of whether nature or nurture play a more important role in development. In this essay I will be looking into both aspects of nature and nurture focusing specifically on their influence towards language development in children.

Studies done by some opposing researchers claim to show that nature and nurture promote language development by interacting together which I will explain in greater detail in my essay.

The meaning of the term language is sometimes overlooked. This differentiation is accomplished by the work of neurons in the auditory cortex within the brain. When infants hear the same phoneme repeatedly, a cluster of neurons becomes wired to respond to that phoneme.

Subsequently, the assigned neuron cluster automatically fires when the ear carries that particular phoneme to the brain. Over time there will be millions of neuron clusters each resembling different phonemes and when the child matures these phonemes will be put together to assemble the native structure of their language.

The role of parents in facilitating language development researchers have found that in all languages, parents utilize a style of speech towards their children known as infant-directed speech, or motherese. It is characterized by a higher-pitched intonation, shortened or simplified vocabulary, condensed sentences and exaggerated vocalizations or expressions.

Role of nature and nurture in language development essay

Researchers believe that the use of motherese helps babies learn words faster and easier. This discovery enlightens the idea that to promote language development in a child is not fully down to environmental factors and instead the basic principles of grammar are contained within our brains when we are born.

Within the LASS theory there are four main components; gaining attention, query, label and feedback, which all require social interaction between adult and child.

Contrasting to learning theorists approach, Bruner ,pg78 believed that simply listening to language is not a sufficient way to acquire language skills. So language, according to Bruner, relies heavily on the role and exposure to social context.

Evidence for this can be provided by looking into the cases of deprived children. Almost every day the language we hear is often incorrect, poorly defined, incomplete and full of hesitations, mispronunciations and other errors, and yet despite this we still learn to talk following the correct grammatical rules.

From these estimations and presumption the child can work out grammatical sets of rules and when more language is exposed to them, the more their language develops.

Due to new advances in brain research, it has allowed scientists to understand and acquire the crucial solid evidence, which early theorists lacked of how the brain enables children to learn language. It becomes clear when looking at observations on children who live in an environment characterized by trauma, neglect, stress, or abuse that both nature and nurture interact in the demotion of language development.

Begley ,pg32 observed that children living in these negative social environments experience abnormal physical changes in the structure of the brain which affect normal language acquisition.

The stress hormone cortisol is increased due to the physical changes and brain scans show areas of the brain appear like black holes, undeveloped, and inactive. In looking at how nurture can influence nature, in this case brain structure, it shows how important both aspects are and can influence the potential promotion or demotion of language development.

The social learning theory, classical and operant conditioning are all elements of the Learning Theory and all highlight the similar idea that positive parental nurture result in the promotion of language development in children.

Skinners test of reinforcement was undertaken on rats, being that when the rat pulled the lever a food pellet would drop out which resulted in the rat pulling the lever more frequently because it was rewarded with food. So when the child also realises that repeating or imitating words exposed to them is a good thing, it then allows the child to build upon their vocabulary and develop their language skills over time.

Critics of the learning theory argue that a behaviorist explanation is inadequate. They maintain several arguments undermining the fact that promoting language development cannot be a learnt behavior which is acquired through imitation.

Nature vs. Nurture Debate in Language Acquisition | Mohammed Shanawaz - metin2sell.com

Firstly learning cannot account for the rapid rate at which children acquire language. Secondly there can be an infinite number of sentences in a language and so all of these sentences cannot be learned through imitation.However, the environmental stimulation, or nurture-inspired perspective will play a more important role than the nature approach does, given a special case of Genie and the experience factor in language .

The nature & nurture issue is a long controversial issue that explains the significance of nature and nurture in several parts of individual development, such as personality, and intelligence.

Nature inheritance is genetic behaviors passed from your parents. The roles nature and nurture have in the process of language development. Does the successful development of computer-generated speech, which allows computers to communicate with one another, orally, effectively eliminate the nature-nurture debate regarding human language development?

Essay: Nature vs. Nurture or Both.

Role of Nature and Nurture in Language Development | Essay Example

These examples reveal the genetic role in our development. They also expose our predisposition to certain traits and behaviors. The second camp sitting on the other side of the fence is the advocates for nurture. Here, nurture represents our surrounding: parents, class-mates, colleagues, our value .

What roles do nature and nurture play in children’s language development? From a baby 's first word to their first complete sentence, there 's a lot to debate with their language development.

The average child has a vocabulary of up to six-thousand words by the time they turn five years old (Brighthubcom, ). Role of Nature and Nurture in Language Development Essay How do both nature and nurture interact in the promotion of language development in young children?

Role of nature and nurture in language development essay

The debate between many researchers is the argument of whether nature or nurture play a more important role in development.

Role of Nature and Nurture in Language Development | Essay Example