Precious Metals Population is not of concern if there are enough resources to go around. Important resources like water of suitable quality for growing crops, drinking, cooking, and cleanliness, fertile soil for growing food and trees, and fuel for warmth and cooking. Depletion of important resources leads to poverty, disease, malnutrion and often death.
Posted on August 29, by Scott Alexander [Epistemic status: Pieced together from memory years after the event. I may have mis-remembered some things or gotten them in the wrong order. Aside from that — and the obvious jokes — this is all true. Some psychiatrists love this test. There was a study that supposedly proved this test worked.
Why not join the great tradition of scientists, going back to Galileo and Newton, and make my mark on the world?
Why not replace my griping about bipolar screening with an experiment about bipolar screening, an experiment done to the highest standards of the empirical tradition, one that would throw the entire weight of the scientific establishment behind my complaint? For it would turn out a whole host of excellent reasons that I was about to learn.
It was locked, as always. After enough knocking, a lady finally opened the door and motioned for me to sit down at a paperwork-filled desk.
The training was several hours of videos about how the Nazis had done unethical human experiments. Then after World War II, everybody met up and decided to only do ethical human experiments from then on.
And the most important part of being ethical was to have all experiments monitored by an Institutional Review Board IRB made of important people who could check whether experiments were ethical or not.
I went back to the corner office, Study Investigator Certification in hand. The lady still looked skeptical. They would probably screw up and start building concentration camps or something. They needed an attending high-ranking doctor to sign on as Principal Investigator before the IRB would deign to hear their case.
I knew exactly how to handle this: It was the weirdest thing. Finally, there was only one doctor left — Dr. W, the hardest-working attending I knew, the one who out of some weird masochistic impulse took on every single project anyone asked of him and micromanaged it to perfection, the one who every psychiatrist in the whole hospital including himself had diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
A feeling of dread in my stomach, I walked back to the tiny corner office. It started with a section on my research question. Next was a section on my proposed methodology. A section on possible safety risks. A section on recruitment. A section on consent. I asked the lady who worked in the tiny corner office whether, since I was just going to be asking bipolar people whether they ever felt happy and then sad, maybe I could get the short version of the New Study Application?
She told me that was the short version. It started by asking about our study design, which was simple: When we got patients, I would give them the bipolar screening exam and record the results. We usually got about twenty new patients a week; if half of them were willing and able to join our study, we should be able to gather about a hundred data points over the next three months.
It was going to be easy-peasy. That was the first ten pages or so of the Application.
And more questions, all along the same lines. I double-dog swore to give everybody really, really good consent forms. I tried my best to write a list of the risks participants were taking upon themselves mostly getting paper cuts on the consent forms.
I argued that these compared favorably to the benefits maybe doctors will stop giving people strong psychiatric medications just because their football team made the Super Bowl.
When I was done, I went back to the corner office and submitted everything to the Institutional Review Board.Risk Taking and Fiscal Smoothing with Sovereign Wealth Funds in Advanced Economies Knut Anton Mork Snorre Lindset We analyse the interaction between fiscal policy and portfolio management for the government of an advanced economy with a sovereign-wealth fund (SWF).
Regulatory capture is a form of government failure which occurs when a regulatory agency, created to act in the public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that dominate the industry or sector it is charged with regulating.
When regulatory capture occurs, the interests of firms or political groups are prioritized over the interests of the.
Externalities: Problems and Solutions Undergraduate Public Economics Emmanuel Saez UC Berkeley 1. OUTLINE the problems associated with negative externalities: 1) price policy: corrective tax or subsidy equal to marginal damage per unit 2) quantity regulation: government forces rms to produce the socially e cient quantity [This is a repost of the Non-Libertarian FAQ (aka “Why I Hate Your Freedom”), which I wrote about five years ago and which used to be hosted on my website.
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) represent a potentially disruptive yet beneficial change to our transportation system. This new technology has the potential to impact vehicle safety, congestion, and travel behavior.
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